What was the result of the 1938 strike by Mexican American workers at the pecan factories in San Antonio?

What was the result of the 1938 strike by Mexican American workers at the pecan factories in San Antonio?

The 1938 San Antonio pecan shellers strike was a labor strike involving 12,000 pecan shellers in San Antonio, Texas, United States. Starting on January 31, the strike lasted until March 8, when the two sides agreed to arbitration that led to a wage increase for the pecan shellers.

What was the significance of the pecan shellers strike?

On January 31, 1938, a large number of pecan shellers in San Antonio walked off the job to protest low wages and poor working conditions. This action set off a bitter confrontation pitting poor Latino workers against most of the political, economic and religious institutions of the city.

Why did Emma Tennayucca led a strike against the pecan shelling industry?

In response to a wage decrease from Southern Pecan Shelling Company and other pecan companies, Emma Tenayuca of the Texas Workers Alliance led a peaceful strike. The local government supported the shelling companies and sent police to arrest strikers and keep them in overcrowded cells.

What did Emma Tenayuca do in 1938 that established her as a labor leader?

She is best known for her work organizing Mexican workers in Texas during the 1930s, particularly for leading the 1938 San Antonio pecan shellers strike….

Emma Tenayuca
Occupation Educator, labor organizer mother

How does a pecan sheller work?

The pecan cracker splits the nut by hitting each end simultaneously. A cracked pecan then moves from the cracker to the pecan sheller. This machine is normally a mechanical or electrical device that vibrates cracked pecans vigorously to separate the nuts from the shells.

What different causes working conditions did Emma Tenayuca fight against?

Influenced by the causes of the Mexican Revolution, and Texas gubernatorial candidate Ma Ferguson’s position against the Ku Klux Klan, Tenayuca’s work for labor issues and civil rights predated Cesar Chavez and the Civil Rights movement.

How old was Emma Tenayuca when she died?

82 years (1916–1999)
Emma Tenayuca/Age at death
She returned to her hometown of San Antonio in the late 1960s. Scholars and activists in the Chicano and women’s liberation movements rediscovered her life and work. She was inducted into the San Antonio Women’s Hall of Fame in 1991, and she died in 1999 at the age of 82.

How do you crack a lot of pecans?

If you don’t have any cracking tools, simply take two pecans and crush them together until one cracks enough to peel the shell off. In order to scrape the shell material away from the pecan, use a pick, a toothpick, or even a narrow piece of pecan shell.

What was Emma Tenayuca the founder of?

Workers Alliance of America
Tenayuca was a central figure in the radical labor movement in Texas during the 1930s and a leading member of the Workers Alliance of America and Communist Party of Texas. She is perhaps best remembered for her role in organizing the largest strike in San Antonio history, the Pecan-Shellers’ Strike of 1938.

What were some issues that Emma Tenayuca led protests in response to?

Tenayuca led strikes, walkouts, and protests to respond to issues that particularly affected Mexican Americans. They faced discrimination in the New Deal jobs and aid programs that were supposed to help workers recover from the Depression. The police targeted them for violence and illegal deportations.

Do pecans need to dry before shelling?

Eating pecans everyday has several benefits from the perspective of health. However, you’ll need to ensure that the nuts are thoroughly dry before shelling them. In case you’ve harvested the nuts before they’re fully ripe, you’ll have to dry them up for about two weeks before you remove them from their kernels.

Does boiling pecans make them easier to shell?

Commercial shellers use steam to soften nut shells. You can do something similar: Cover the nuts with cold water in saucepan, then heat to a boil. Remove from heat, let stand about 10 minutes, then pour off the water and let cool. The hot water softens the shell slightly, and it also plumps nuts that are a little dry.

How does Camarillo describe Proletarianization?

Proletarianization, according to Camarillo, suggests that Mexicans became low wage workers entering the ! The diary expressed the loyalty, minorities had for the US, by describing mexican/ american contributions and blood that was voluntarily spilled for the country.

How can you tell if pecans are good?

“If you see some on the ground that still have the green husk on them, they’re not ready. They didn’t fall off the tree because they were ripe; a strong wind probably knocked them off,” says Little. “Look for pecans free of the outer husk, but with unbroken shells.” You also want the pecans to feel heavy in your hands.

How long can you keep pecans in the shell?

In-shell pecans can remain good for 4 months at 70°F, but can be stored successfully for 18 months at 32°F to 36°F. Storage life of in-shell nuts may extend to 5 years or more when stored at 0°F (table 1).

Can you eat pecans straight from the tree?

No, you cannot eat the green nuts that fall off prematurely from the trees as they’ve still not ripened. Only those nuts that ripen fully by Fall (and hence ready to harvest) are worth eating as they have the rich invigorating flavor you normally associate with nuts.

Should you boil pecans before shelling?

Boil Them Before Cracking Boiling pecans before cracking them can actually help prevent the shell from shattering. If you want a shortcut, you can also take one cup of water to two cups of pecans and put them in the microwave for 5 minutes. Let them cool completely before taking them out as they will be very hot.

What is the meaning of Proletarianisation?

verb (used with object), pro·le·tar·i·an·ized, pro·le·tar·i·an·iz·ing. to convert or transform into a member or members of the proletariat: to proletarianize the middle class. to change to or adopt (the language, manners, etc.)