Where does chamber music come from?
The name ‘chamber music’ comes from its origins as music written to be played at home, in a smaller room (or ‘chamber’), where small groups would play as entertainment for guests. The performers were often amateur musicians.
Why was chamber music created?
Throughout the 18th century, the composer was normally an employee of an aristocrat, and the chamber music he or she composed was for the pleasure of aristocratic players and listeners.
What was the most popular type of chamber music in the 18th century?
Of the various configurations that evolved for chamber groups, the string quartet became the most popular for several reasons. It proved the ideal exponent of the four-part harmonic language that had developed by this time, while maintaining intimacy and cohesion in texture.
What are the two forms of chamber music?
(Chamber Sonatas, that is, Symphonies…), each consisting of four to six dance movements with an introductory movement (sinfonia) not in dance style. The development of chamber music for the remainder of the century centred upon these two types, sonata da chiesa and sonata da camera.
What is the most popular form of chamber music?
The most popular chamber music works are sonatas for piano and one other instrument such as violin or cello and string quartets. Most great composers have written such instrumental sonatas and quartets. …
Is duo chamber music?
Duo playing is one of the most intimate forms of chamber music, and often challenging for young performers.
Who was the master of the Romantic art song?
Franz Schubert (1797–1828) was a master of the Lied. He composed more than 900 Lieder, many of which had their premieres at musical home gatherings which Schubert’s friends delightfully called Schubertiades.
What is the name of a romantic art song with a German text?
Art songs have been composed in many languages, and are known by several names. The German tradition of art song composition is perhaps the most prominent one; it is known as Lieder. In France, the term Mélodie distinguishes art songs from other French vocal pieces referred to as chansons.
How many players are musicians do chamber music have?
For the National Chamber Music Championship, chamber groups can vary in size from 3 to 8 players, with each musician singing or playing one instrument for each part of music that is written with no conductor, or adult accompanist.